Apr 20, 2024  
2003-2004 Graduate Catalog 
2003-2004 Graduate Catalog [ARCHIVED CATALOG]

Marine Policy

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School of Marine Sciences

The School of Marine Sciences (SMS) is a large, active unit of The University of Maine residing in the College of Natural Sciences, Forestry and Agriculture. SMS offers both graduate and undergraduate academic programs, basic and applied research on a wide variety of topics, and public service activities related to scientific policy for marine resource and coastal zone management. At present, 49 faculty are affiliated with SMS including full-time, part-time, and cooperating appointments. By its very nature, SMS is an interdisciplinary unit. Areas of expertise and research include oceanography, aquaculture, marine biology, marine geology, marine resource development and policy, seafloor ecology, fish biology, fish pathology, seaweed biology, and ocean engineering.

Faculty of SMS provide leadership in research programs with emphasis on the Gulf of Maine, its related coastal zone, and in other cold-water and global systems. SMS faculty are headquartered at both the Orono campus of UM and its coastal marine laboratory, the Ira C. Darling Marine Center (see Research Resources.) Further information on SMS is on the web site www.ume.maine.edu/~marine/marine.html. Further information on the Darling Marine Center is on the web site server.dmc.maine.edu.

The School also develops and maintains relationships with other marine research institutions within the region. Examples include Maine Maritime Academy and its research vessel R/V ARGO Maine, the Mount Desert Island Biological Laboratory, Bigelow Laboratory for Ocean Sciences, the Maine Department of Marine Resources and the Huntsman Marine Science Center in St. Andrews, New Brunswick.

The School of Marine Sciences offers the following graduate degrees:

  • M.S. and Ph.D. degrees in Oceanography
  • M.S. and Ph.D. degrees in Marine Biology
  • M.S. degree in Marine Policy

The School of Marine Sciences offers core and advanced courses in all three degree areas. More specialized courses of study in the subdisciplines of marine science are also provided by various associated departments. Financial support for graduate students is primarily in the form of research assistantships. Some teaching assistantships are available.

Master of Science in Marine Policy

The Master of Science degree in Marine Policy in the School of Marine Sciences is designed to take advantage of the strong interdisciplinary nature of the School. All students in the program will receive training in the social science aspects of marine resource management, in oceanography and other marine sciences, in marine law, and in empirical methods. In addition, students will be expected to gain expertise in either marine fisheries management or coastal zone management. The program offers both a thesis and non-thesis option. Students selecting the thesis option will write a master’s thesis that combines both theoretical classroom work and practical experience with pressing problems. Students selecting the non-thesis option will undertake an internship with a State agency, a non-governmental organization in the marine area or a private firm.

A total of 30 hours of course credit will be required for the M.S. in Marine Policy degree.


Students will be expected to develop special expertise in one area of marine resource management. Ordinarily, these specialties will be fisheries management, coastal zone management or marine law. Students specializing in marine law will ordinarily spend one semester at the University of Maine School of Law in Portland taking courses from the faculty of the Marine Law Institute. Students specializing in fisheries management or coastal zone management will usually take all of their courses at The University of Maine campus or the Darling Marine Center. To meet the specialization requirement, students, in consultation with their advisors, will select at least four courses from the following list:

Dual Master Degree in Marine Sciences and Policy

The School of Marine Sciences offers a unique, strongly interdisciplinary program in marine policy and science. The dual degree program is supported in part with a generous grant from the Kendall foundation. It is intended for students interested in the application of science and policy in government agencies, NGOs or industry. The program is intended as a terminal degree but does not rule out continuation to a Ph.D. The course of study is three years. It leads to two master’s degrees: one in marine science (specializing in oceanography, aquaculture or marine biology) and one in marine policy.

The marine science and policy program is based on the idea that good conservation requires:
  1. a sophisticated understanding of the role and limits of science in the policy process,
  2. an equally sophisticated understanding of the institutional processes necessary to resolve communal dilemmas, and
  3. the wide dissemination of this knowledge among resource users and others concerned with the management of marine resources.

Students are required to complete the requirements for a master’s degree in one of the marine sciences (biology, aquaculture or oceanography) as well as the requirements for a marine policy degree. Six hours of each degree can be counted as electives for the other; as a result a total of only 48 hours is required to complete both degrees (rather than the 2 X 30=60 usually required for two masters). The course requirements for the science degrees are listed above. The marine policy portion of the dual degree requires 18 hours of social science courses including the core requirements listed above the marine policy degree. The dual degree offers three thesis/internship possibilities: a single thesis combining a joint science and policy topic, two independent theses or a thesis and an internship. Generally, all students admitted to the program will be required to participate in either a science or social science research project and will be asked to associate with a local group or agency working on marine conservation. For more information, visit the School of Marine Sciences website at www.marine.maine.edu.

Internship or Thesis Research

Students must complete either an internship or a thesis. Normally, theses and internships will be done in the student’s chosen area of specialization. The Maine Department of Marine Resources, the Island Institute, and the State Planning Office are typical sites for internships and applied theses. Students will take at least six hours of the following courses to complete this requirement.


Graduate Faculty

David W. Townsend, Ph.D. (Maine, 1981), Professor and Director, School of Marine Sciences. Area: Biological Oceanography of Shelf Seas. (Oceanography, Marine Biology)

James Acheson, Ph.D. (Rochester, 1970), Professor. Area: Cultural Anthropology. (Marine Policy)

Bruce Barber, Ph.D. (South Florida, 1984), Professor. Area: Bivalve Physiology and Pathology. (Aquaculture, Marine Biology)

Emmanuel Boss, Ph.D. (Washington, 1996), Assistant Professor. Area: Particle Dynamics, Optical Oceanography. (Oceanography)

Susan Brawley, Ph.D. (California, 1978), Professor. Area: Algal Physiology, Development and Ecology. (Marine Biology, Oceanography)

Fei Chai, Ph.D. (Duke University, 1995), Associate Professor. Area: Ecosystem Modeling; Tropical Oceanography. (Oceanography)

Yong Chen, Ph.D. (Toronto, 1995), Assistant Professor. Area: Fisheries Population Dynamics and fisheries stock assessment and management. (Marine Biology, Marine Policy)

Laurie Connell, Ph.D. (North Carolina, 1988), Research Assistant Professor. Area: Molecular Ecology. (Marine Biology)

Daniel Distel, Ph.D. (Scripps, 1987), Associate Professor. Area: Marine Microbiology and Molecular Biology. (Marine Biology)

Kevin Eckelbarger, Ph.D. (Northeastern, 1974), Professor. Area: Invertebrate Biology. Director, Darling Marine Center. (Marine Biology)

Ione Hunt von Herbing, Ph.D. (Dalhousie, 1994), Assistant Professor. Area: Biological/Physical Interactions; Ichthyoplankton Transport. (Marine Biology, Aquaculture, Oceanography)

Peter A. Jumars, Ph.D. (Scripps Institution of Oceanography, 1974), Professor. Area: Benthic Biological Oceanography, Organism-Environment Interactions at the Level of Individuals, Deposit Feeding. (Oceanography, Marine Biology)

Lee Karp-Boss, Ph.D. (Washington, 1998), Research Assistant Professor. Area: Biological Oceanography. (Oceanography)

Joseph Kelley, Ph.D. (Lehigh, 1980), Professor. Area: Coastal Geology, Coastal Zone Management. (Oceanography, Marine Policy)

Gary M. King, Ph.D. (Georgia, 1978), Professor. Area: Microbiology, Microbial Biogeochemistry. (Oceanography, Marine Biology)

Linda J. Kling, Ph.D. (Maryland, 1980), Associate Professor. Area: Fish Aquaculture, Fish Nutrition and Feeding. (Aquaculture)

Irv Kornfield, Ph.D. (Stony Brook, 1974), Professor. Area: Population Biology, Ecology and Systematics. (Marine Biology, Oceanography, Aquaculture)

Sara Lindsay, Ph.D. (South Carolina, 1994), Assistant Research Professor. Area: Sensory Biology and Ecology of Marine Invertebrates, Benthic Ecology. (Marine Biology, Ocean-ography)

Lawrence M. Mayer, Ph.D. (Dartmouth, 1976), Professor. Area: Marine Biogeochemistry. (Oceanography)

James D. McCleave, Ph.D. (Montana State, 1967), Professor. Area: Migratory and Transport Mechanisms of Fishes, Fisheries Oceanography, Eel Biology. Associate Director, School of Marine Sciences. (Oceanography, Marine Biology)

Michael Opitz, D.V.M. (Berlin, 1964), Professor. Area: Diseases, Health Management. (Aquaculture, Marine Biology)

Mary Jane Perry, Ph.D. (Scripps Institution of Oceanography/California, San Diego, 1974), Professor. Area: Phytoplankton Physiology, Primary Productivity, Bio-optics. (Ocean-ography, Marine Biology)

Neal R. Pettigrew, Ph.D. (Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution/M.I.T., 1981), Associate Professor. Area: Near-shore, Estuarine and Continental Shelf Circulation. (Ocean-ography)

Paul Rawson, Ph.D. (South Carolina, 1996), Assistant Professor. Area: Quantitative Genetics, Evolutionary Biology. (Marine Biology, Aquaculture)

Warren Riess, Ph.D. (New Hampshire, 1987), Associate Research Professor. Area: History; Underwater Archeology. (Marine Policy)

Malcolm Shick, Ph.D. (Texas, 1974), Professor. Area: Marine Invertebrate Physiology. (Marine Biology)

Bruce Sidell, Ph.D. (Illinois, 1975), Professor. Area: Biochemistry and Physiology of Fishes. (Marine Biology, Aquaculture)

Robert S. Steneck, Ph.D. (Johns Hopkins, 1982), Professor. Area: Benthic Marine Ecology, Lobsters, and Plant-Herbivore Interactions. (Oceanography, Marine Policy, and Marine Biology)

Andrew Thomas, Ph.D. (British Columbia, 1988), Associate Professor. Area: Plankton Biology, Biological/Physical Interactions, Satellite Oceanography. (Oceanography, Marine Biology)

Robert L. Vadas, Ph.D. (Washington, 1968), Professor. Area: Marine Ecology, Algal Ecology. (Marine Biology, Aquaculture)

Rebecca Van Beneden, Ph.D. (Johns Hopkins, 1983), Professor and Associate Director School of Marine Sciences. Area: Marine Molecular Biology and Environmental Toxicology. (Marine Biology)

Les Watling, Ph.D. (Delaware, 1974), Professor. Area: Benthic Ecology. (Oceanography, Marine Biology, Aquaculture)

Mark Wells, Ph.D. (Maine, 1989), Associate Professor. Area: Metal-Plankton Interactions. (Oceanography)

James Wilson, Ph.D. (Wisconsin, 1971), Professor. Area: Economics and Fisheries Management. (Marine Policy, Aquaculture)

Huijie Xue, Ph.D. (Princeton University, 1991), Associate Professor. Area: Numerical Model-ing of Coastal and Oceanic Circulation. (Oceanography)

Phil Yund, Ph.D. (Yale, 1987), Research Associate Professor. Area: Evolutionary Ecology and Fertilization Biology. (Marine Biology)

Cooperating Faculty

Daniel F. Belknap, Ph.D. (Delaware, 1979), Professor. Area: Marine Geology, Sedimentology. Chair, Department of Geological Sciences. (Oceanography)

Katherine Boettcher, Ph.D. (Southern California, 1994), Assistant Professor. Area: Marine and Invertebrate Microbiology. (Marine Biology)

William Ellis, Ph.D. (Rhode Island, 1992), Assistant Professor. Area: Marine and Atmospheric Chemistry. (Oceanography)

James Gilbert, Ph.D. (Idaho, 1974), Professor. Area: Large Mammal Population Dynamics, Assessment and Modeling. (Marine Biology)

Terry Haines, Ph.D. (Michigan State, 1971), Professor. Area: Environmental Contaminants and Fishes. (Marine Biology)

Carol Kim, Ph.D. (Cornell, 1992), Assistant Professor. Area: Zebrafish as a Model for Disease and Immune Function. (Marine Biology)

Michael Kinnison, Ph.D. (University of Washington, 1999), Assistant Professor. Area: Ecology and Environmental (Marine Biology)

Laurie Osher, Ph.D. (University of California, Berkeley, 1997), Assistant Professor. Area: Biogeochemistry (Marine Biology)

Mary Rumpho, Ph.D. (Washington State, 1982), Professor. Area: Mollusc/Algal Chloroplast Symbioses. (Marine Biology)

John Singer, Ph.D. (Georgia, 1983), Associate Professor. Area: Marine Microbiology. Chair, Department of Biochemistry, Microbiology and Molecular Biology. (Aquaculture, Marine Biology)

Ralph Townsend, Ph.D. (Wisconsin-Madison, 1983), Professor. Area: Fisheries Management and Fisheries Economics. (Marine Policy)

Seth Tyler, Ph.D. (North Carolina, 1975), Professor. Area: Invertebrate Biology. (Marine Biology)

Gregory Zelinski, Ph.D. (Massachusetts, 1987), Research Associate Professor. Area: Climatology/Paleoclimatology Meteorology. (Oceanography)

Associate Faculty

Lawrence Jacobson, Ph.D. (University of Minnesota, 1986), Associate Professor. Fisheries Population Dynamics, Assessment Modeling and Management. National Marine Fisheries Service, Woods, Hole, Massachusetts

Richard Langton, Ph.D. (University of Wales, 1975), Associate Professor. Fish Relationships and Fishing Effects on Habitat, Stock Enhancement. Buccoo Reef Trust

Brian Beal, Ph.D. (University of Maine, 1994), Assistant Professor. Benthic Ecology, Marine Biology. University of Maine at Machias

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