Anthropology and Environmental Policy
As we enter the 21st Century, a variety of environmental specters threaten Earth’s populations. Greenhouse-gas emissions are changing global ecology, disease patterns, and land-use. Ocean fisheries and forests in many parts of the world, including Maine, are in precipitous decline. Loss of agricultural land in combination with population increases may well result in widespread famines in the near future. There are also growing problems associated with acid rain, loss of wildlife and biodiversity, soil erosion, the depletion of energy and other resources, and environmental degradation. These problems affect people, but people and their decisions are also the cause of them. Many, moreover, are global in origin but local in their effects. Demands on forests and fisheries are international, for example, but the environmental consequences are felt locally in over-cut woodlands and wiped-out fisheries. Climate is affected by human activity at a global level, but climate changes will have very different effects in different regions of the globe. Since Maine is a natural resource state, the global origins of these threats are particularly relevant to the people of Maine, their culture, and their society.
The PhD program in Anthropology and Environmental Policy centers on understanding human society and culture in cross-cultural perspective and their pivotal role in implementing successful environmental policy. The program engages students in a multi-disciplinary framework bridging environmental sciences and policy while focusing on the sociocultural impacts of, and responses to, local and global environmental change.
Students engage with faculty in cutting-edge research on the way social relations, human organization, cultural perceptions, and ecological behavior affect the causes and consequences of local, national, and global environmental change. Students analyze social and cultural dimensions of policy that mitigate negative environmental consequences of this change while safeguarding or promoting human well-being. Areas of environmental policy and research include global climate change, energy resources, marine resources, eco-tourism, forestry resources, land-use, water management, and pollution control.
The program core is a firm grounding in anthropological social and cultural theory, qualitative and quantitative methodology, and policy development and analysis. Students engage in methodological and specialized courses tailored to their specific environmental interests at the local, national, or international scale.
Students may enter the program with a Bachelor’s or Master’s degree in Anthropology, Biology, Climate Change, Economics, Marine Sciences, Forestry, or any other related field. All students take the Core Curriculum courses in Cross-Cultural Human Dimensions, with the remaining curriculum individually tailored depending on each student’s background, environmental focus area, and national or international environmental policy interest. Courses in policy and basic methodology will be dependent on courses students have taken previously.
Graduate Teaching Assistantships and Work Study positions are available on a competitive basis for qualified students.
James Acheson, Ph.D. (University of Rochester, 1970), Research Professor of Anthropology and Marine Sciences; Cooperating Professor in the School of Policy and International Affairs. Cultural anthropology, marine policy.
Aram Calhoun, Ph.D. (University of Maine, 1996), Professor of Wetland Ecology. Wetland ecology and conservation, field studies in ecology, environmental solutions.
John Daigle, Ph.D. (University of Massachusetts, 1997), Associate Professor of Forest Recreation Management. Recreation planning and management, social research methods for natural resource professionals, human dimensions of natural resources management.
Stephen Hornsby, Ph.D. (University of British Columbia, 1986), Professor of Geography and Canadian Studies, Director for the Canadian American Center. Historical geography, expansion of Europe overseas, eastern Canada and northeastern United States.
Teresa Johnson, Ph.D. (Rutgers University, 2007), Assistant Professor of Marine Policy, Cooperating Professor of Anthropology. Fisheries management, marine policy.
Richard Judd, Ph.D. (University of California-Irvine, 1979), Professor of History. Maine, U.S. labor and environmental history.
Alice Kelley, Ph.D. (University of Maine, 2006), Assistant Research Professor of Climate Change Institute, Cooperating Professor of Anthropology. Geoarchaeology, surficial geology, and geomorphology.
Roger King, Ph.D. (Boston University, 1985), Associate Professor of Philosophy. Ethics, political philosophy, history of philosophy.
Jessica Leahy, Ph.D. (University of Minnesota, 2005), Assistant Professor of Human Dimensions of Natural Resources. Social psychological aspects of natural resources management, environmental attitudes and behavior, information effects.
Robert Lilieholm, Ph.D. (University of California-Berkeley, 1988), Associate Professor of Forest Policy. Forest Economics and Policy; ways in which wildlands can be sustainably managed to promote a wide range of ecological and social goals.
Paul Mayewski, Ph.D. (Ohio State University, 1973), Director, Climate Change Institute and Professor of Earth Sciences. Climate change and atmospheric chemistry.
Lisa Neuman, Ph.D. (Duke University, 2002), Associate Professor of Anthropology and Native American Studies. Politics of Indian identities. Tribal sovereignty and economic enterprise, gender studies, cultural production, cultural history, North America, Oklahoma, Maine.
Constanza Ocampo-Raeder, Ph.D. (Stanford University, 2006), Assistant Professor of Anthropology, Cooperating Professor in the Climate Change Institute, Cooperating Professor in the Ecology and Environmental Sciences Program. Ecological anthropology.
Darren Ranco, Ph.D. (Harvard University, 2000), Associate Professor of Anthropology and the Senator George Mitchell Center for Environmental and Watershed Research, Coordinator of Native American Research. Indigenous intellectual property rights, research ethics, environmental justice, tribal governance.
Brian Robinson, Ph.D. (Brown University, 2001), Associate Professor of Anthropology and Climate Change. Prehistoric archaeology, Northeastern United States, paleoindians.
Paul (Jim) Roscoe, Ph.D. (University of Rochester, 1983), Professor of Anthropology, Cooperating Professor of the Climate Change Institute, Cooperating Professor in the School of Policy and International Affairs. Anthropology of climate change, warfare, social and political evolution.
Jonathan Rubin, Ph.D. (University of California-Davis, 1993), Professor of Resource Economics and Policy, and the Margaret Chase Smith Policy Center. Environmental regulation and design, economics of alternative transportation fuels and vehicles, economics of greenhouse gas reductions.
Daniel Sandweiss, Ph.D. (Cornell University, 1989), Professor of Anthropology and Climate Change, Associate Provost and Graduate Dean. Prehistoric and historic archaeology, coastal adaptations, climate change.
Linda Silka, Ph.D. (Oklahoma State University, 1974), Director, Margaret Chase Smith Policy Center, Professor of Resource Economics. Research partnerships, research ethics, grant writing, program evaluation, community-university partnerships.
Stewart Smith, Ph.D. (University of Connecticut, 1997), Professor of Resource Economics. Sustainable agriculture systems, local food networks.
Kristin Sobolik, Ph.D. (Texas A&M University, 1991), Professor of Anthropology and Climate Change, Associate Dean for Research and External Affairs, College of Liberal Arts and Sciences. Archaeology, paleonutrition, desertic adaptations.
Marcella Sorg, Ph.D. (Ohio State University, 1979), Research Associate, Margaret Chase Smith Policy Center, State of Maine Forensic Anthropologist, Faculty Associate in Anthropology. Forensic anthropology, taphonomy of human remains.
Mario Teisl, Ph.D. (University of Maryland, 1997), Director, School of Policy and International Affairs, Professor of Resource Economics. Information economics, food safety, environmental and social marketing, environmental economics.
Tim Waring, Ph.D. (University of California-Davis, 2010). Assistant Professor of Resource Economics. Sustainability, human cooperation, human cultural evolution, evolutionary ecology.
Catherine F. West, Ph.D. (University of Washington, 2009). Assistant Professor of Anthropology and Climate Change. Archaeology, historical ecology, zooarchaeology, coastal ecosystems, Arctic.
James Wilson, Ph.D. (University of Wisconsin, 1971), Professor of Marine Science. Economics and fisheries management, marine policy, aquaculture.
Gregory Zaro, Ph.D. (University of New Mexico, 2005), Associate Professor of Anthropology and Climate Change. Archaeology, historical ecology, agricultural intensification, urbanism, Mesoamerica, Andes, Eastern Adriatic.