Nov 18, 2019  
2003-2004 Graduate Catalog 
    
2003-2004 Graduate Catalog [ARCHIVED CATALOG]


Quaternary and Climate Studies



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Climate Change Institute

The Quaternary Period, the most recent in Earth’s history, witnessed numerous climatic fluctuations, glaciations, sea-level changes, and shifts in organism distribution. These changes shaped our contemporary environments and strongly influenced human evolution. A knowledge of Quaternary events facilitates understanding of current environmental changes and may enable anticipation of future changes. Maine was particularly affected by Quaternary events because its landscape was shaped largely by glaciation and its biota was influenced strongly by climatic change.

Quaternary and Climate Studies commonly are interdisciplinary and thus require cooperation between several academic departments. To facilitate such cooperation, a Climate Change Institute, dedicated to teaching and research, was established at The University of Maine in 1972. The Institute is staffed by members of the Departments of Anthropology, Biological Sciences, Computer Science, Geological Sciences, School of Marine Sciences, and History. The Institute is not a formal academic department. Rather, it serves to organize and promote interdepartmental teaching and research related to Quaternary Studies.

The Master of Science in Quaternary and Climate Studies is offered. The program provides students with training in the archaeology, biology, climatology and/or geology of the Quaternary Period and contributes to an appreciation of the interaction of these fields towards a better understanding of Quaternary paleoclimatology, paleoecology, and prehistoric archaeology. Many of the courses pertinent to the Quaternary Period are listed under offerings by cooperating departments. Graduate thesis credits are arranged by the staff.

Research interests of staff members focus on historically oriented problems of the Quaternary Period. These interests overlap and complement each other to a degree which insures cooperation, and encourages interdisciplinary approaches and joint research projects. Graduate students may pursue interdisciplinary thesis projects and will be supervised jointly by several staff members. Although much Institute research is conducted in New England and adjacent Canada, projects are also current in the western and northeastern United States, Canada, India, Nepal, China, the Arctic, New Zealand, Sweden, Norway, Chile, Antarctica, Peru, and Cuba.

Financial Aid

Research assistantships are available on a competitive basis through both the Climate Change Institute and the Graduate School.

Graduate Faculty

Paul Andrew Mayewski, Ph.D. (Ohio State University, 1973), honorary Ph.D. (Stockholm University, 2000), Professor of Quaternary and Climate Studies and Geological Sciences, Coop-erating Professor School for Marine Studies, Director, Climate Change Institute. Paleoclimatology, Glaciochemistry, Glaciology.

Daniel F. Belknap, Ph.D. (Delaware, 1979), Professor of Geological Sciences, Center for Marine Studies, Quaternary and Climate Studies, and Oceanography. Marine geology, Quaternary Stratigraphy, and Sedimentology.

Harold W. Borns, Jr., Ph.D. (Boston University, 1959), Professor of Geological Sciences and Quaternary and Climate Studies. Quaternary and Glacial Geology.

Adrian L. Burke, Ph.D. (SUNY Albany, 2000), Assistant Professor of Anthropology and Quaternary and Climate Studies. Archaeology of Northeastern North America, lithic technology and raw materials sourcing.

Ronald B. Davis, Ph.D. (Cornell, 1961), Professor of Plant Biology and Quaternary and Climate Studies. Paleoecology of lakes and wetlands.

George H. Denton, Ph.D. (Yale, 1965), Professor of Geological Sciences and Quaternary and Climate Studies. Paleoecology of lakes and glacial geology.

James L. Fastook, Ph.D. (Maine, 1976), Professor of Computer Sciences. Numerical modeling of glaciers and ice sheets.

Gordon S. Hamilton, Ph.D. (University of Cambridge, 1992), Research Assistant Professor of Quaternary and Climate Studies. Polar glaciology, climate change, remote sensing, and satellite geodesy.

Terence J. Hughes, Ph.D. (Northwestern, 1968), Professor of Geological Sciences and Quaternary and Climate Studies. Quaternary glaciology.

George L. Jacobson Jr., Ph.D. (Minnesota, 1975), Professor of Plant Biology and Quaternary and Climate Studies. Paleoecology and Plant Ecology.

Davida E. Kellogg, Ph.D. (Columbia, 1973), Research Associate Professor of Geological Sciences. Micropaleontology.

Thomas B. Kellogg, Ph.D. (Columbia, 1973), Professor of Geological Sciences. Paleooceanography.

Kirk A. Maasch, Ph.D. (Yale, 1989), Associate Professor of Geological Sciences and Quaternary and Climate Studies. Theory of climate.

Daniel H. Sandweiss, Ph.D. (Cornell, 1989), Associate Professor of Anthropology and Quaternary and Climate Studies. Prehistoric and Historic Archaeology, Coastal Adaptations, Climate Change.

David Sanger, Ph.D. (Washington, 1967), Professor of Anthropology and Quaternary and Climate Studies. Prehistoric Archaeology, Coastal Adaptations, Hunter-Gatherers.

Detmar Schnitker, Ph.D. (Illinois, 1967), Professor of Oceanography. Paleooceanography, Micropaleontology.

David C. Smith, Ph.D. (Cornell, 1965), Professor Emeritus of History. Historical climates, Climate Research Group.

Kristin Sobolik, Ph.D. (Texas A&M, 1991), Associate Professor of Anthropology and Quaternary and Climate Studies. Archaeology, Paleonutrition, Desertic Adaptations.

Gregory A. Zielinski, Ph.D. (Massachusetts, 1987), Research Professor of Quaternary and Climate Studies and Maine State Climatologist. Climatology and Meteorology, Historical Climatology, Volcanism-Climate System.

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