The program leading to the M.S. and Ph.D. degrees in Marine Bio-Resources is a cooperative offering of Bio-Systems Science and Engineering, School of Marine Sciences, and Food Science and Human Nutrition. The graduate program in Marine Bio-Resources is designed to train professionals for a career in aquaculture and marine-related industries or for further academic training. The two degrees
are intended to have a strong basis in the biological and/or physical sciences
with an opportunity to emphasize one of the following specific areas: aquatic
animal health, physiology and nutrition, aquaculture production, aquaculture/fisheries
engineering, or food science and technology.
The Program Faculty come from multiple disciplinary areas including engineering,
pathology, physiology, nutrition, seafood processing and population and habitat
modeling. Faculty work with a variety of marine species including, but not limited
to: cod, haddock, halibut, salmon, oysters, clams, sea urchins, and lobsters.
Consideration for admission to the program will be given to applicants holding
a bachelor’s degree from an accredited institution or the equivalent in one
of the general areas of biology, animal science, food science, nutrition or
engineering. Admission to the Ph.D. program requires a Master’s degree or equivalent
in a science-related discipline with prior research experience. Applicants are
expected to have at least a 3.0 grade-point average. Scores from the Graduate
Record Examination aptitude test (GRE) will be evaluated along with undergraduate
transcripts and references from persons knowledgeable of the student’s academic
potential and work ethic. Applications will be considered by a six-member Program
Committee representing each of the participating units. Upon acceptance by the
Program Committee, the applicant’s file will be circulated among interested
faculty. Admission into the program will rest on obtaining a suitable faculty
Upon admission, a program of study is planned by the student in consultation
with the student’s advisory committee. Courses are selected from the graduate
offerings of all University of Maine Departments. The interests, background
courses, and future needs of the student will be considered in course selection.
The student will participate in a research project developed in consultation
with the advisory committee.
Extensive analytical facilities and associated research support are available
on the Orono campus. Because of the interdisciplinary nature of the Marine Bio-Resource
Program, student research efforts commonly involve facilities and faculty members
of several departments.
The Aquaculture Research Center (ARC) is located on the Orono campus and houses
numerous temperature-controlled recirculating saltwater systems from 150 gallons
to 4000 gallons. Facilities are available for egg incubation of cod, haddock
and halibut. A larval rearing laboratory allows the production of juvenile cod
and haddock as well as other fish species. A live food production laboratory
is available for the production of rotifers and brine shrimp. The Center houses
numerous aquaria for holding lobsters, shellfish and sea urchins. A feed production
laboratory allows for the production of experimental diets. A controlled environmental
laboratory houses a micro-calorimeter and is used for physiological experiments.
Dry lab space contains numerous microscopes including some equipped for computerized
image analysis. The Center also houses a 120X 8X4 ft wave tank. The wave tank
is used to conduct scale model tests.
Robert C. Bayer, Ph.D. (Michigan State), Professor. Biological Engineering.
Lobster fisheries and aquaculture nutrition, management and physiology.
Brian F. Beal, Ph.D. (University of Maine), Assistant Professor University
of Maine at Machias. Shellfish aquaculture and estuarine biology.
Alfred A. Bushway, Ph.D. (Purdue University), Professor. Food Science
and Human Nutrition. Chemical, physical, and sensory properties of processed
meat products, and fruits and vegetables, extrusion technology, enzymology.
Rodney F. Bushway, Ph.D. (Texas A & M), Professor. Fate and impact
of agrichemicals in marine and estuarine environments.
William R. Congleton, Ph.D. (Kentucky), Associate Professor. Biological
Engineering. GIS, GPS numerical modeling of the nearshore environment and animal
Darrell W. Donahue, Ph.D. (No. Carolina State), Assistant Professor.
Biological Engineering. Food engineering, value added food production systems,
Ione Hunt von Herbing, Ph.D. (Dalhousie University), Assistant Professor.
School of Marine Sciences, physiology, morphology and development of early life
history of fish.
Linda J. Kling, Ph.D. (Maryland), Associate Professor. School of Marine
Sciences. Larval fish nutrition and microdiet development. Development of aquaculture
methodologies and strategies for alternate fish species.
H. Michael Opitz, D.V.M. (Free University of West Berlin), Associate
Extension Educator. Biological Engineering. Fish health, pathology and management.
Bryan R. Pearce, Ph.D. (Florida), Professor. Civil and Environmental
Engineering. Modeling of environmental impacts on estuarine and marine systems.
John M. Riley, Ph.D. (Cornell), Professor. Biological Engineering. Aquacultural
engineering, equipment design and construction.
Denise I. Skonberg, Ph.D. (University of Washington), Assistant Professor
and Graduate Coordinator. Food Science and Human Nutrition. Quality evaluation
of aquatic foods, seafood by-product utilization, and aquaculture feed development.
Robert L. Vadas, Ph.D. (University of Washington), Professor. Biological
Sciences, algal culture, marine ecology.
John E. Vetelino, Ph.D. (Rhode Island), Professor. Electrical and Computer
Engineering. Bio sensors and food quality.
Richard Cawthorn, (Atlantic Veterinary College), Professor.
Stephen Fegley, (Maine Maritime Academy), Associate Professor.
Margie Lee Gallagher, (East Carolina University), Associate Professor.